Cassava is a woody shrub of the family Euphorbiacea possessing tall, thin, straight stems and when fully grown, attains an average height of 1-2 meters although some cultivars may reach a height of 4 meters. The stem is often marked along its entire length by numerous leaf scars indicating the position from where its palmate leaves of five or six leaflets have dropped off. Depending on the variety and age of the plant, the fibrous roots may be up to 100 centimeters long. Some of these fibrous roots undergo the process of tuberization (swelling due to the cambium tissue) leading to increase in the diameters of the roots.
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